Show me how you would check that the direction indicators are working.
the indicators or hazard warning switch and check functioning of
all indicators. (may need to switch ignition on, prompt not to start
TIP- Most cars
will not need to have the ignition switched on to activate the hazard
switch, so it should be simple to lean into the car, switch it on,
walk around the car checking all 4 main indicators (there are also
indicators on the front wings and/or the door mirrors), and then
lean into the car to switch off the hazard switch.
Q2) Show me how
you would check that the brake lights are working on this car. (I
can assist you, if you need to switch the ignition on, please don't
start the engine)
A2) Operate brake
pedal, make use of reflections in windows, garage doors, etc, or
ask someone to help. (you may need to switch ignition on, but do
not start engine)
Q3) Show me /
explain how you would check that the power assisted steering is
working before starting a journey.
A3) If the steering
becomes heavy the system may not be working properly. Before starting
a journey two simple checks can be made. Gentle pressure on the
steering wheel, maintained while the engine is started, should result
in a slight but noticeable movement as the system begins to operate.
Alternatively turning the steering wheel just after moving off will
give an immediate indication that the power assistance is functioning.
Q4) Show me how
you would check the parking brake (handbrake) for excessive wear,
make sure you keep safe control of the vehicle.
A4) Apply footbrake
firmly. Demonstrate by applying parking brake (handbrake) so that
when it is fully applied it secures itself, and is not at the end
of the working travel.
TIP- Keep the
button pressed in when aplying the handbrake so that you do not
hear the ratchet noise.
Q5) (Show me)
Open the bonnet, identify where you would check the engine oil level
and tell me how you would check that the engine has sufficient oil.
dipstick / oil level indicator, describe check of oil level against
the minimum/maximum markers.
TIP- You will
have to open the bonnet, but then just point to the dipstick, and
describe pulling it out to check the level. Different cars have
different min/ max markers- they could have lines or rings. People
usually wait for the engine to be stopped for a while before checking
the oil level (on level ground), pull out the dipstick, wipe it
on a cloth, re-insert it, and then pull it out once more to check
Q6) (Show me)
Open the bonnet, identify where you would check the engine coolant
level and tell me how you would check that the engine has the correct
high/low level markings on header tank where fitted or radiator
filler cap, and describe how to top up to correct level.
TIP- You should
always wait for the engine to cool down before opening the header
tank cap or the radiator cap. This is because the cooling system
is pressurised, and although the normal running temperature of an
engine is around 80c (very hot), it can rise to above boiling point.
Q7) (Show me)
Open the bonnet, identify where the brake fluid reservoir is and
tell me how you would check that you have a safe level of hydraulic
reservoir, check level against high/low markings.
TIP- If and when
you do top up with brake fluid, be very careful as brake fluid can
cause serious damage to paintwork on the car.
Q9) Show me how
you would check that the horn is working (off road only).
A9) Check is
carried out by using control usually on steering wheel. (turn on
ignition if necessary).
Q10) Show me
how you would clean the windscreen using the windscreen washer and
control to wash and wipe windscreen (turn ignition on if necessary.
Q11) Show me
how you would set the demister controls to clear all the windows
effectively, this should include both front and rear screens.
A11) Set all
relevant controls including; fan, temperature, air direction / source
and heated screen to clear windscreen and windows. Engine does not
have to be started for this demonstration.
TIP- Front air
direction should be set to demist- usually this looks like a windscreen
with 'wavey' lines on it, temperature to warm or hot- usually red,
and fan speed should be set to medium or high- often cars have numbers
0-5. Rear demist will be a button usually in the centre of the dashboard.
Air conditioning can be used to good effect for demisting the windscreen
in the winter as the air is dryer.
Q12) Show me
how you would switch on the rear fog light(s) and explain when you
would use it/them. (No need to exit vehicle)
switch (turn on dipped headlights and ignition if necessary). Check
warning light is on. Explain use.
TIP- Rear foglight
should be used when visability is seriously reduced. It must be
switched off as soon as visibility is improved to avoid dazzling
other drivers, especially at night.
Q13) Show me
how you switch your headlight from dipped to main beam and explain
how you would know the main beam is on whilst inside the car.
switch (with ignition or engine on if necessary), check with main
beam warning light.
TIP- Main beam
warning light will be a blue light usually close to the main instruments.
Q14) Tell Me
Tell me how you would check that the brakes are working before starting
A14) Brakes should
not feel spongy or slack. Brakes should be tested as you set off.
Vehicle should not pull to one side.
brakes are caused by air in the hydraulic system, and the brakes
should be bled immediately, and the cause of air ingress investigated.
Pulling brakes may be caused by one brake being faulty- usually
seized- which results in the effect of the 'good' brake pulling
the car to one side.
Q15) Tell Me
where the windscreen washer reservoir is and tell me how you would
check the windscreen washer level.
reservoir and explain how to check level.
TIP- On some
cars you can see the level in the bottle, but on many the bottle
is concealed, and all that you can see is the filler neck. In this
case you could say that you would open the filler cap and look dow
for a level or just try topping up the bottle with screenwash/water.
Q16) Tell Me
where you would find the information for the recommended tyre pressures
for this car and how tyre pressures should be checked.
guide, use a reliable pressure gauge, check and adjust pressures
when tyres are cold, don’t forget spare tyre, remember to
refit valve caps.
Q17) Tell Me
how you make sure your head restraint is correctly adjusted so it
provides the best protection in the event of a crash.
A17) The head
restraint should be adjusted so the rigid part of the head restraint
is at least as high as the eye or top of the ears, and as close
to the back of the head as is comfortable. N.B. Some restraints
might not be adjustable.
Q18) Tell Me
how you would check the tyres to ensure that they have sufficient
tread depth and that their general condition is safe to use on the
A18) No cuts
and bulges, 1.6mm of tread depth across the central ¾ of
the breadth of the tyre and around the entire outer circumference.
Q19) Tell me
how you would check that the headlights & tail lights are working.
(No need to exit vehicle)
switch (turn on ignition if necessary), then walk round vehicle.
(As this is a "Tell Me" question, there is no need to
physically check the lights.)
Q20) Tell me
how you would know if there was a problem with your anti lock braking
A20) A warning
light should illuminate if there is a fault with the anti lock braking